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1. Application

Is a logical grouping of Workloads defined by the application labels that users apply to an object. In Istio it is defined by the Label App. Istio Label Requirements.

1.1. Application Name

It’s the name of the Application deployed in your environment. This name is provided by the Label App on the Workload.

2. Deployment

A deployment is a replication controller based on a user defined template called a Deployment configuration. Deployments are created manually or in response to triggered events.

2.1. Istio object/configuration Type

This is the type specified in the Istio Config. This could be any of the following types: Gateway, VirtualService, DestinationRule, ServiceEntry, Rule, Quota or QuotaSpecBinding.

3. Istio Sidecar

For more information see the Istio Sidecar definition in Istio Sidecar Documentation.

4. Label

It’s a user-created tag to identify a set of objects.

An empty label selector (that is, one with zero requirements) selects every object in the collection.

A null label selector (which is only possible for optional selector fields) selects no objects.

For example, Istio uses the Label App & Label Version on a Workload to specify the version and the application.

4.1. Label App

This is the 'app' label on an object. For more information, see the link: Istio Label Requirements.

4.2. Label Version

This is the 'version' label on an object. For more information, see the link: Istio Label Requirements.

5. Namespace

Namespaces are intended for use in environments with many users spread across multiple teams, or projects.

Namespaces are a way to divide cluster resources between multiple users.

6. Quota

A limited or fixed number or amount of resources.

7. ReplicaSet

Ensures that a specified number of pod replicas are running at any one time.

8. Service

A Service is an abstraction which defines a logical set of Pods and a policy by which to access them. A Service is determined by a Label.

8.1. Service Entry

For more information see the Service Entry definition in Istio Service Entry Documentation.

9. VirtualService

For more information see the VirtualService definition in Istio VirtualService Documentation.

10. Workload

For more information see the Workload definition in Istio Glossary.

10.1. Workload Type

It’s the type of the Workload, Kiali currently supports the Deployment type.